Philosophische Untersuchungen review Ý 3

Ludwig Wittgenstein ¿ 3 summary

N Brillanz ihren griffigen Bildern ihrer argumentativen Verbissenheit zum mehrdeutig verwendbaren Kultbuch geworden das unterschiedliche Bekenntnisse zu Aufgabe und rechtem Stil der Philosophie eint Darber wird leicht vergessen dass die klare Sprache die manifeste Philosophische Untersuchungen AbeBooks Seine beiden Hauptwerke Logisch philosophische Abhandlung Tractatus logico philosophicus und Philosophische Untersuchungen postum wurden zu wichtigen Bezugspunkten zweier philosophischer Schulen des Logischen Positivismus und der Analytischen Sprachphilosophie Sein rund Seiten umfassender philosophischer Nachlass wurde Ende Oktober in die Liste des Philosophische Untersuchungen de Es geht in den Philosophischen Untersuchungen im weitesten und engsten Sinne um eben dieses Sprachspiel jenes in den Bekenntnissen des Augustinus angelegte Muster in dem Sprache Bedeutung und Seele verwoben scheint Wrter die den Dingen ihre Bedeutung geben durchaus im jeweiligen Kontext unterschiedlichen Gebrauchs aber auch in der Verbindung zu Wnschen Sprache und ihre Liste des œuvres de Ludwig Wittgenstein Wikipdia Philosophische Untersuchungen Langue de rdaction Allemand Priode de rdaction ou Anne de publication dition originale par GEM Anscombe et Rush Rhees Traduction franaise puis Traducteurs franais Pierre Klossowski puis Collectif lisabeth Rigal Franoise Dastur Jean Luc Gautero et Maurice Elie Autres informations Avec le Tractatus le LudwigWittgenstein philosophical investigations by ludwig wittgenstein translated by g e m anscombe basil b l a c k w e l l PHILOSOPHISCHE UNTERSUCHUNGEN Edition und Thematisch behandelt der Einstieg in die Philosophischen Untersuchungen ja bereits vielfltige Aspekte darunter das Lernen der Sprache die Einfhrung des berhmten Sprachspielbegriffes und verschiedenste Metaphern z B Werkzeug Stadt zur Be schreibung der Vorstellung von Sprache Zu Beginn der Philosophischen Untersuchu. This book was assembled posthumously Wittgenstein having published very little in his lifetime Although usually coupled with the Tractatus it is actually representative of his thought and methodThe virtue of Wittgenstein may be that with him there is no hint of metaphysical conceit or self deception but rather a consistent treatment of reality as in fact various language games language being understood broadly to include everything from the semiotic to the symbolic the denotative to the connotative and games being understood to be intersubjective practices Interestingly however behind this reserve runs a strong mystical sense comparable to Kant s attractionaversion to the Ideas of Reason While he was on the one hand a thoroughgoing critic of sloppy thinking and expression he was also on the other prone to the religio aesthetic flights of the late Heidegger The study of his biography and jottings presents the image of a man at once piercingly clear and personally enigmatic at once a dispeller of illusions and a victim of multiple neuroses While apparently coming across to his redoubtable colleagues including Bertrand Russell as a genius his actual writings are all rather easy going suggesting to me at least that we re all or none of us geniuses

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Philosophische Untersuchungen

Philosophische Untersuchungen BnF Philosophische Untersuchungen von Ludwig Wittgenstein Philosophical investigations by Ludwig Wittgenstein Translated by G E M Anscombe Oxford B Blackwell In V p et texte anglais doublant les p VI X et Ac IIIb IIIa Philosophische Untersuchungen Ludwig Philosophische Untersuchungen Frankfurt am Main Suhrkamp Recherches philosophiues Paris Gallimard Philosophical investigations Malden Mass Blackwell publ fr Philosophische Untersuchungen Wittgenstein Not Achetez Philosophische Untersuchungen de Wittgenstein Ludwig ISBN sur fr des millions de livres livrs chez vous en jour Philosophische Untersuchungen Vicipaedia Philosophische Untersuchungen 'Investigationes philosophicae' est magnum opus Ludovici Wittgenstein diu excogitatum multosue per annos repetitis adnotationibus auctum ab auctore fere totum perfectum uod uidem duobus demum annis post decessum auctoris anno cur discipulorum Rush Rhees et Elizabethae Anscombe e prelo prodiit Ludwig Wittgenstein Philosophische Untersuchungen Les Philosophische Untersuchungen donnent en deux bonnes centaines de pages l'essentiel des investigations ue Wittgenstein revenu la philosophie poursuivit pendant vingt ans jusu' la Logiue et langage ordinaire dans les Philosophische L'dition originale du texte allemand Philosophische Untersuchungen Oxford Blackwell tait dj accompagne d'une excellente traduction anglaise Philosophical Investigations C'est le texte anglais ui est devenu canoniue dans les pays anglo saxons Il existe galement une traduction franaise due M Klossowski Investigations philosophiues Paris Gallimard Cette dernire Philosophical Investigations Wikipedia Philosophical Investigations German Philosophische Untersuchungen is a work by the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein The book was published posthumously in Wittgenstein discusses numerous problems and puzzles in the fields of Philosophische Untersuchungen de Es geht i. This is the first work by Wittgenstein I ve ever read I ve been terrified of him for years truth be told I ve read a biography by WW Bartley III wouldn t you love to be the third I would stick the three I s on the end of my name too if I was but unfortunately I m only Trevor the Second The main memory I have of that book is of Wittgenstein waiting to be captured in WWI and him humming the second movement of Beethoven s Seventh That has always been one of my all time favourite pieces of music and if I was ever in a machine gun nest about to be captured or potentially killed by the enemy I could think of no better piece of music to be humming The fear has come from the fact Wittgenstein is known as being off the scale brilliant And so I just assumed he would also be too hard to read with him picking out distinctions I wouldn t be able to see even after he had held them to the light and turned them aboutThis book is in fact uite beautifully written The ideas are complex at times but he does all he can to make them clearThat said I also know I ve only skimmed the surface of this oneThis is a book about meaning it is a book about how language means and therefore the extent to which language allows communication between people I m going to jump to my understanding of Wittgenstein s answer although answer isn t the right word and that is that language is always socially situated and so you need to understand the situation to make sense of the languageA philosophical project prior to this was the idea of trying to create a language that could be unambiguous and purely logical one that could start from a series of axioms and then go on to recreate the world with each of its statements being verifiably true This is the sort of idea mentioned in 1984 that for as long as I can know 224 then and so on But then think of the word March You can say The best time to come to Melbourne is March or you can say The second movement of the Seventh is a slow march Clearly the fact march is a homophone is hardly surprising to anyone but Wittgenstein asks if even that is really true Can you say the month in the same way as you say the verb If you are meaning the month can you say it as the verb The point being that you might not be able to hear any difference between the two uses of the word at all and yet still feel in your bones that it isn t possible to say exactly the same sound while meaning the other This almost links to something he says comparing language to music an idea I think about a lot He says Understanding a sentence is much akin to understanding a theme in music than one might think I think one could spend a lifetime considering that idea and the practical expression of that thought is called poetry but it is also true of all language poetry just rubs your nose in itHe makes a similar point elsewhere when he says one might tell someone if you want to pronounce the salutation Hail expressively you had better not think of hailstones as you say it All of which makes me think of the difference between effect and affect which I think brings us close to the idea of the socially situated nature of language I think that for me anyway these two words are homophones in English unless I m using affect in the sense of affecting a pose although the dictionary seems to imply that affect is pronounced in the same way regardless of the meaning Still as the dictionary also says affect and effect are freuently confused Although also clearly they are never confused when we hear them only when we write them No one says did you hear that he said effect but he obviously meant affect so why not Or rather and to the point why do we distinguish in spelling what we don t seem to distinguish in spoken language A large part of me believes that this distinction in spelling is about stressing social superiority that is it is one of the endless rules designed to make clear that one has learnt the rules that one can display their learning and then presumably use this display to imply their higher intelligence These are things that make no difference to meaning but only to taste and as displays of social position When people get obsessed with the spellings of there their and they re this is purely about showing off one s academic capital and little else The fact these three words are homophones proves no one ever confuses their meaning when they are spoken No one ever says oh you said you want their lunch I thought you meant they re lunch The smugness you might feel when you see these mistakes in written form has nothing to do with meaning but rather everything to do with social taste and distinctionI think this is the idea Wittgenstein is alluding to when he says language is really language games not in the least that they are trivial uite the opposite the only games we can play in this whole meaning business are language games language derives the most important part of its meaning from the game we are playing at the time from how it is socially situated When I studied philosophy there would always come a time when someone in the class would say and in all seriousness you know what I see as red might not be anything at all like what you see as red we just don t know I wouldn t be surprised to find out that my face has a special twitch that it performs when I hear someone say this Wittgenstein spends a lot of time talking about pain in this book how it makes no sense for someone to wonder if they themselves are in pain for instance But since pain is like the red idea above that is no one else can really feel my pain and so no one can even know if I m not faking it how can we have ended up having a word for it Surely the word pain has to refer to something and that something has to be a kind of common knowledge but since I can only feel my pain how can I know it is common That is it is as if I have something in a box that you are forbidden to see and you have something in your box that I am forbidden to see how can we know if they are the same thing Wittgenstein does not say it in this way but I think ultimately these are practical uestions rather than ones that can be solved by logic How do you know that what you see as red I don t see as green Well the game that we call driving our cars pretty well answers that uestion There is much to this book than I can cover and much than I ve even understood so much of it reminded me of Saussure but also Chomsky he even talks of deep and surface grammar But this is a book of uestions rather than a book of answers

review Philosophische Untersuchungen

N den Philosophischen Untersuchungen im weitesten und engsten Sinne um eben dieses Sprachspiel jenes in den Bekenntnissen des Augustinus angelegte Muster in dem Sprache Bedeutung und Seele verwoben scheint Wrter die den Dingen ihre Bedeutung geben durchaus im jeweiligen Kontext unterschiedlichen Gebrauchs aber auch in der Verbindung zu Wnschen Sprache und ihre Philosophische Untersuchungen – Wikipedia Tractatus logico philosophi Ludwig Wittgenstein Philosophische Untersuchungen Les Philosophische Untersuchungen donnent en deux bonnes centaines de pages l'essentiel des investigations ue Wittgenstein revenu la philosophie poursuivit pendant vingt ans jusu' la veille de sa mort La publication posthume de cette œuvre en fut salue comme un grand vnement par les milieux philosophiues anglo saxons sur lesuels la pense du matre autrichien de Cambridge Philosophische Untersuchungen by Ludwig Ludwig Wittgenstein – schrieb zwei Hauptwerke frh die strenge Logisch philosophische Abhandlung spt die offeneren lebendig in immer neuen Anlufen vorgetragenen Philosophischen Untersuchungen mit denen der Begriff des Sprachspiels in die Welt gekommen ist Man kann fr eine groe Klasse von Fllen der Bentzung des Wortes ›Bedeutung‹ – wenn auch nich Philosophische Untersuchungen edition | Philosophische Untersuchungen by Ludwig Wittgenstein Suhrkamp edition in German Deutsch Aufl Philosophische Untersuchungen Mohr Siebeck Philosophische Untersuchungen Herausgegeben von Gnter Figal und Birgit Recki Die Schriftenreihe Philosophische Untersuchungen vereint seit Beitrge zu verschiedenen Bereichen der Philosophie wie der Epistemologie Sprachphilosophie sthetik und Ethik Der Schwerpunkt der Reihe liegt dabei in phnomenologischen und hermeneutischen Untersuchungen Einschlgige Ludwig Wittgenstein Philosophische Wittgensteins Philosophische Untersuchungen sind mit ihrem philosophiekritischen Feuer ihrer aphoristische. o my crap what a tortured soul Ludwig Wittgenstein was this guy stared into the impenetrable pitch blackness that was the tangled midnight jungle of his own inner existence sharpened his machete and plunged in hacking and flailing and lunging wildly he wrestles chiefly with the concepts of language meaning understanding and states of consciousness part I consists of 693 short numbered sections about 4 to a page this was sent to the publisher but pulled back at the last second five years before LW died after he died his further writings were scraped together and comprise part II loosely divided into 13 short sections plus 1 long one there is no steady development but sometimes long chains of remarks on one topic sometimes sudden changes of topic he often puts statements or uestions in uotation marks as though thrown at him by someone playing devil s advocate it is all extremely personal written very much in the first personthe first half of this book is soooooo much better than the second half i looked in my notebook and found that i jotted 111 notes from the first 120 pages and only 34 from the last 110 pages by the end i was uite happy for it to be over so maybe it doesn t deserve 5 stars but some of it is uite amazing he concludes the introductionIt is not impossible that it should fall to the lot of this work in its poverty and in the darkness of this time to bring light into one brain or another but of course it is not likely I should not like my writing to spare other people the trouble of thinking But if possible to stimulate someone to thoughts of his ownI should have liked to produce a good book This has not come about but the time is past in which I could improve itjust for that he gets 5 stars from me


10 thoughts on “Philosophische Untersuchungen

  1. says:

    If you read first Wittgenstein’s Tractatus and then follow it with his Philosophical Investigations you will treat yourself to perhaps the most fascinating intellectual development in the history of philosophy Wittgenste

  2. says:

    An offline discussion with Simon Evnine prompted me to reread the first few sections of this book which I hadn't looked at in ages They inspired the following short storyWang's First Day on the JobWang is a Chinese constru

  3. says:

    This is the first work by Wittgenstein I’ve ever read I’ve been terrified of him for years truth be told I’ve read a biography by WW Bartley III wouldn’t you love to be ‘the third’? I would stick the three I’s on the end of my name too if I was but unfortunately I’m only Trevor the Second The main memory I have of that book is of Wittgenstein waiting to be captured in WWI and him humming the second movement of Beethoven

  4. says:

    I couldn't possibly do Philosophical Investigations justice in a review Even though I've read it several times I don't understand t

  5. says:

    As a philosopher Wittgenstein isn't terribly systematic rather shocking for an analytic thinker I would argue that he's an original using analytic thought experiments continental literary examples pragmatic everyday life as a litmus test and Nietzschean aphoristic style attitude problem elements Hell I'm almost loathe to call it philosophy at all It's like a gorgeous dense glittering puzzle box I guarantee that when I read it again somewh

  6. says:

    o my crap what a tortured soul Ludwig Wittgenstein was this guy stared into the impenetrable pitch blackness that was the tangled midnight jungle of his own inner existence sharpened his machete and plunged in hacking and flailing and lunging wildly he wrestles chiefly with the concepts of language meaning understanding and states of consciousness part I consists of 693 short numbered sections about 4 to a page this was sent to

  7. says:

    This book is too complex to summarize but here is a nutshell If you want to know the meaning of a word consider how the word is used Words are used in a variety of “language games” interactions among people which display “family resemblances” That is there is no single model which shows the essence of how words are used but rather there are many overlapping and differing language games each of which

  8. says:

    This book was assembled posthumously Wittgenstein having published very little in his lifetime Although usually c

  9. says:

    Exasperating but worth itThe syntax of the Investigations has a jaggedly Asperger’s feel to it Too often Wittgenstein soun

  10. says:

    First off this book is only 197 pages long The reason Goodreads says it's 464 pages is because this edition is dual language One side is in German the original text and the other side is in EnglishCompared to other philosophical readings I've read in the past I found this one a little easier to follow I wouldn

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